The Shāfi'i and Hanafi Methodologies in the Arabic Fundamental Texts of the Scholars of the Subcontinent (A special descriptive study of two books: Musallam Al-Thubūt and Nihāyah Al-wusūl fi Derāyah Al-Usūl)
Keywords:Islamic Jurisprudence, Muslim Jurists, Schools of thought, Pattern
The history of Muslims in Sub-continent reveals his followers that Islam spread here through Arab traders first then through a chain of Muslim scholars who headed this areas while dedicating themselves for the cause of Islam. They were well versed with the faith of local people, as they knew how important it was to portray themselves first as trues Muslims before propagating any message of Islam. This strategy worked well and hundreds of thousands of local people embraced Islam. During the time of Abbasid dynasty, this territory went under the control of Baghdad. Diplomats and chieftains started visiting sub-continent establishing a strong linkage between the Muslim Empire in Baghdad and the local people. This cultural linkage provided a good opportunity for locals to serve the empire by their expertise in medicine as it helped them enlightening themselves with that knowledge, which were prevailing in Baghdad during those days. Learning Persian language and comprehensive talking became the symbols of knowledge. This inspired the local learned further, to work on logics and philosophy. They started pondering the motives of every single Divine injunction before they advocate practicing any. This tendency made them keen more learning Islamic Logics and the principles of Islamic jurisprudence. This study titled as
"مناهج المتون الأصولية العربية لعلماء شبه القارة"
The approaches of Muslim Scholars in Sub-Continent toward the texts related to the principles of Islamic Jurisprudence) contains a segment of those works which were undertaken by a number of local Muslim jurists who belonged to Hanafi and Shafi school of thought. The study explores the pattern these jurists adopted and the salient features which made their work distinguishable.