Research and critical study of Tafsīr Mīzān ul Qur‘ān by Allāma Rahmatullah Tāriq in the light of lexical methodology of Quranic Exegesis


  • Muhammad Soban Department of Islamic Learning, University of Karachi
  • Dr. Muhammad Atif Aslam Rao Department of Islamic Learning, University of Karachi


Tafsīr (exegesis), Tafsīr Mīzān ul Qur‘ān, Exegetical views, Allāma Rahmatullah Tāriq , lexical methodology, Urdu commentaries


The literal interpretation of the Holy Qur ‘ān is the interpretation that is made taking the dictionary into account while interpreting the Holy Qur‘ān. Without a doubt, the dictionary is an essential source of Quranic exegesis. However, the entire interpretation cannot be based only on the dictionary. Acceptable and unacceptable both aspects are found in the lexical interpretations. The satisfactory element is to present Hadiths or signs to support the description. In contrast, the unacceptable pattern of the literal interpretation is the opposite. This article is aimed to evaluate the exegesis 'Meezan ul Qur ‘ān ' by Allāma Rahmatullah Tariq from these two aspects, as he has used the dictionary repeatedly in his commentary. The paper begins with a brief yet comprehensive autobiography of Allāma Rahmatullah Tāriq, followed by an introduction to the Tafsīr Mīzan ul Qur ‘ān. Then, the article details the methodology Allāma Tāriq adopted for the exegesis of the Holy Qur ‘ān. The paper mainly deals with the various words of the Holy Qur ‘ān and their lexical discussion, which begins with the chapter-wise pattern of interpretation and examples from chapters 1 and 2 of the exegesis. The article concludes with a summary of the research and some valuable suggestions from the researchers. The series of literal interpretations started from the time of the Holy Prophetﷺ. And it continued till the present. The research presented in the article is an endeavour to present a review of Urdu commentaries which were affected by this lexical methodology.