Image of Pashtoon’s Social and Cultural Values Depicted in Kakarai Ghari


  • Hafeez Ur Rehman Dauran Senior Instructor Department of Pakistani Languages, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad
  • Dr, M. Farooq Anjum Assistant Professor Department of Pakistani Languages, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad


Literature, Culture, Pashto, Folklore, Kakarai Ghari.


In pursuit of a magnificent life, man has always gone through various trials and temptations to lead a wonderful life. To navigate these trials and face these temptations he has to follow certain principles. These principles are called as values. These values provide a framework for facing challenges and abiding by societal norms. Norms serve as societal guidelines, reflecting shared beliefs about what is considered morally right or wrong, desirable or undesirable. They play a crucial role in shaping behavior and maintaining a sense of order within a community. As Pashtoons constitutes one of the largest societies of the world, their norms could be followed in their societal lives.

The values of Pashtoonwali play a crucial role in providing a moral compass for individuals within the Pashtoon society. Pashtoonwali is the un-written constitution of Pashtoons, and its values and traditions are Maraka, Jirga, Nanawathi, Panah and Rogha Jorha, as well as Darha, Badraga, Badla, and Peghor are the main elements of Pashtoons’ life. Moreover, the interplay between love and rebellion often unfolds in a parallel dimension, showcasing the intricate dynamics where emotions and defiance coexist. This duality can bring about both tension and transformation within personal and societal realms.

 In this article, Pashtoon’s social and cultural values, and its image in Kakarai Ghari, one of the salient and certified genres of the Pashto folklore, has been thoroughly discussed.